Louis Pain



Bay Area B-3 Heyday


The Oregonian dubbed me “Portland's Boss of the B-3,” but in part that's because I'm the best-known of a very small group.  Oh, there's some wonderful gospel organists playing in Portland churches, but as far as blues-jazz B-3 guys, we're far & few.  By contrast, when I came up in the San Francisco Bay Area music scene of the '70s, there were organ players—and good ones—all over the place.   The B-3 was a dying instrument—being replaced first by the Fender Rhodes piano and then by synthesizers—but I was lucky enough to catch the tail end of its heyday. 


My older brother had played in a band with an organ player named Corny Williams.  Corny played well and looked extremely cool while doing it! That's where I got the bug to play this large, strange instrument.  Later, my mom found an organ teacher—Norm Bellas--through an ad in the Chronicle.  Norm was teaching blues organ at a downtown music store.   I'd go out and see Norm play (he had a band with future Tower of Power guitarist Bruce Conte), as well as any other B-3 players I could find.  One of those was future Santana organist Tom Coster, with whom I also studied for a time.


Norm Bellas                                                          Tom Coster


But the Bay Area organ player who most inspired and influenced me was a guy both Norm and Tom had talked up: Chester Thompson.  CT was working in a bank then (!) while playing a weekend trio gig just down the hill from where I was living.  I camped out next to the Leslie Speaker every weekend; I couldn't believe what I was hearing!  (Later, when I was living with Bruce Conte, I told him and other T.O.P. members about Chester, leading to CT joining Tower of Power.)


Chester Thompson


Another wonderful Bay Area organist was Larry Bradford, a genius who could play the organ part to Chester's “Squib Cakes” while singing the trumpet solo!  Then there was Clifford Coulter down in San Jose, who played incredible organ, piano, melodica, guitar, and also sang like a bird.  (Clifford released a pair of albums on the Impulse label--definitely worth checking out.)  Sadly, I'm hearing that both Larry and Clifford are in declining health these days.


Larry Bradford (photo: Pete Fallico)                                  Clifford Coulter 


There were so many others.  In Richmond, there were the Burton brothers. Kevin, the younger of the two, was a funk specialist; his older brother Newel played fantastic jazz organ.  (I've reconnected with Kevin on Facebook, and he tells me that his brother is still active in Sacramento.)  Some other names: Donny Beck (brother of T.O.P. drummer Ronnie Beck), Tommie Smith, Jimmy Ed, Merl Saunders (later with the Grateful Dead), Jackie Ivory, Duke Jethro (B.B. King's longtime organist), John Turk, Jimmy Pugh, Danny Daniels, Ed Kelly, Delbert Bump, and Terrell Prude.

photo  photo

Kevin Burton                                                 Jackie Ivory (center) (photo: Pete Fallico)            



photo  photo

Duke Jethro (photo: Pete Fallico)                                  John Turk (photo: Pete Fallico)


By the time I moved to Portland in '86, B-3 players were an endangered species in the Bay Area and elsewhere.  I learned that there had been some great organ players up here in Portland, including Bennie Wilson, “Count Dutch,” and Billy Larkin.  But the Count had passed, Larkin had moved, and Wilson didn't play organ anymore.  (Both Larkin & Wilson are now deceased.)  A couple of fine younger organists were on the scene, but no one was dragging a B-3 around to all their gigs.  Only the new arrival from San Francisco was crazy enough to do that!


Ed Kelly (photo: Pete Fallico)                                    l to r: Hank Swarn, Mel Brown, & Billy Larkin

In the twenty-plus years since then, I've played well over a thousand B-3 gigs in the Portland area, and I'm proud to say that I've helped inspire a few youngsters to take up the large, large axe.  Meanwhile, Joey deFrancesco has been inspiring young keyboard players world-wide to become organists, and others, such as Larry Goldings and Pat Bianchi, are also doing fantastic things on the mighty B.  Call it a B-3 Renaissance.  But I know there will never be another Hammond B-3 heyday like the one I was fortunate enough to experience.  That was a Golden Age. 


 CD cover  photo 

Pat Bianchi                           Larry Goldings                        Joey deFrancesco (@ Jimmy Mak's)


In the mid-‘70s, in Sacramento, I had the pleasure of substituting several times for the late, great drummer Nayjo Battee, who played with The Electric Church, featuring Newell Burton on organ, and the late, great Leon Ross on guitar. Newell, who now lives in Indianapolis, is an amalgam of Billy Preston, Ray Charles, Jimmy Smith, Groove Holmes (whom I saw a few times here in SacTown), Jack McDuff, Charles Earland, Larry Young - - an outrageously exciting player. I played also with his brother Kevin in the ‘70s in a funk band, The Big Payback, and a few month ago in a blues group. Kevin’s a fine player in his own right.
Hi Louis -- working this week at UNC in Chapel Hill, NC & reminiscing about the glory days of the B3 in Portland with a friend of mine here. I knew Count Dutch well & used to hear Benny play at Geneva's, the place to go for no-cover jazz. They had a house B3 there and on Sunday anyone with the chops could go & sit in. Hope your doing well & still have your old Mason & Hamlin grand. Regards, Don West

Leave a comment